Comparative law is just what it implies. It’s the study of relationships between more than one system’s rules or between legal systems. It’s not a body of principles and rules, but it’s a method of comparison. This comparison would lead to results that relate to the various legal systems being analyzed. Legal institutions, entire legal systems, and legal problems are looked at, and this allows for better understanding. Insights are gained which otherwise would not be gain with a single country’s law. Also, it’s increasingly important for law unification and international harmonization which are vital in this age where private law and international law are intertwined and are complex.
There are major comparative law issues surrounding human rights, intellectual property protection, criminal law and procedure, the environment, labor relations, and tax policies. Nevertheless, a better world order and international cooperation are still made possible through comparative law. Thus, legislators are increasingly using foreign laws to draft new legislation as well as other countries.
Sujit Choudhry is a professor and is internationally recognized as an expert in comparative constitutional law. He combines in-depth expertise in constitution building processing advisory and a broad range research agenda, including Jordan, Egypt, Nepal, Libya, Tunisia, Sri Lanka, and Ukraine. Check on blogs.law.nyu.edu for more reading.
He has been a consultant the United Nations Development Program and the World Bank Institute. Also, he is a member of the Board of Editors of the International Journal of Constitutional Law, the Editorial Advisory Board for the Cambridge Studies in Constitutional Law, and the Editorial Board of the Constitutional Court Review. He is also the Founding Director of the Center for Constitutional Transitions. With reference from fundacity.com
With over 24 countries he spoke at/lectured to, he addressed a plethora of subjects concerning managing the transition from violent protests to peaceful democratic politics, decentralization and secession, constitutional courts, being semi-presidential, official language policy, bill of rights and proportionality, group and minority rights, federalism, properly handling ethically divided societies, constitution building, transitioning from authoritarian to democratic policy, and security sector oversight. He also edited some publications, such as The Oxford Handbook of the Indian Constitution, Constitutional Design for Divided Societies: Integration or Accommodation, and Constitution Making. And furthermore, Choudhry is currently working on different projects, including “Security Sector Reform and Constitutional Transitions in Emerging Democracies”, “Security Sector Oversight: Protecting Democratic Consolidation from Authoritarian Backsliding and Partisan Abuse”, and “Dealing with Territorial Cleavages in Constitutional Transitions”. More related articles on law.nyu.edu.
For a closer look at Sujit’s profile, visit http://sujitchoudhry.com/