A Review Of Comparative Law With Emphasis On Development And Application Today

Every government is led by distinct pieces of legislation that define the way departments should operate. The reason it is necessary to have laws in every society is to avoid the haphazard application of actions. Creating order allows the government to focus more on the essential issues that should bring about prosperity and there are structures to guide every other member of that society. Constitutions basically define actions and rights of people and help everyone to enjoy an equal playing ground.

While developing a constitution and other related laws, it is always necessary to engage professionals who come in with vital information that defines how things should run. These professionals in the process of writing the laws also engage other institutions that are established in a different jurisdiction to understand why they run effectively and seamlessly.

The availability of a possibility to borrow pieces of legislation from another region makes the constitutional development process easier. This art of borrowing information to help in the development of the constitution is what professionals term as comparative law.

Comparative law is a study that explores other laws applied in different regions to understand their structure and how effective they are to solving problems. This is an area of law that assists experts in drafting laws and writing pieces of legislation to make it possible to implement the right types of instruction to the society.

If a certain law works perfectly in a different society that runs similar structures like another, the one performing well could borrow and transfer some laws to the other for integration into the constitution. This process has especially been extensively applied to develop constitutions that are targeted at curing conflict.

About Sujit Choudhry

Sujit Choudhry is a renowned professor of law based in Berkeley. He specializes in comparative law and constitutional development methods and he has been an asset to different international organizations like the UN. Sujit Choudhry participated in many missions during constitutional development and his services were useful in helping countries like Nepal, Libya and Ukraine to draft their constitutions.

He is a researcher who focuses his effort on a variety of issues among them constitutional law, design and development to help in the restoration of order within communities that previously suffered violent conflict. Sujit Choudhry has also been listed as a prolific author of law-related journals and books, through which he has been able to address topics related to constitutions and comparative law.

Sujit Choudhry is a Heavyweight in Comparative Constitutional Law

Comparative law is the hypothetical study of distinct legal systems by way of comparison. It dates more than a century. In the past few years, its practical significance has increased due to two reasons: globalization of trade and shift towards laws’ harmonization.

Comparative law in institutions of higher learning

Due to the growing significance of comparative law, many universities have introduced a program in global legal studies, especially for students undertaking a degree in law. Students who are planning to specialize in global arena or those who are planning to anchor their career in the legal systems of their nations can reap numerous benefits from such courses. The flow of information, capital, technology, and goods across the globe means lawyers have an obligation of understanding how legal systems interact. Additionally, comprehending the perceptions of other people concerning law can help everyone to appreciate the association that exists between law and society.

Methods of comparative law

Aspects such as theories and techniques of comparative law have attracted intense debates across the globe. No consensus has arisen, and the debate has not applied enough impact on the practical legal comparison. Reliable methods of comparison range from cultural and functional legal comparison.

Functional comparison

Hein Kotz and Konrad Zweigert were responsible for popularizing functional comparison. It is deeply rooted on the basis that function of law primarily involves addressing social issues faced by the society. Therefore, comparing legal institution becomes easy since even those that show distinct doctrinal structures are comparable.

Cultural comparison

Popularly known as comparative legal structures, cultural comparison describes the law as a reflection and development of society’s culture. In other words, only those directly connected to the legal system can fully understand and experience it.

Who is Sujit Choudhry?

Sujit Choudhry is a globally renowned specialist in comparative constitutional law. He combines a broad spectrum of research agenda with the comprehensive field of professional expertise as an advisor to the process of formulating constitutions in Egypt, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Ukraine, South Africa, Jordan, and Tunisia. Choudhry carries out research on a broad range of subjects in comparative constitutional law such as constitution development in societies that are ethnically divided, decentralization, and designing constitution that promotes peaceful democratic politics, as well as security sector oversight.


Choudhry has covered the Canadian constitutional law on his articles and books. He has authored and published more than 90 articles, working papers, book chapters, and reports. Some of Choudhry’s edited collections range from The Migration of Constitutional Ideas of 2006, Constitution Making, and Constitutional Design for Divided Societies.

Sujit Choudhry Is A Renowned Scholar Of Comparative Law

Comparative law is the study of the various legal systems used in different countries. The main objective of this branch of law is to establish the similarities and differences that exist in the multiple legal systems. It seeks to compare the legal approaches used in different countries. The most common legal systems in the world include Civil law, Islamic law, Common law, Chinese law, Jewish law, Hindu law, and Canon law. Economic globalization, democratization, and internationalism have resulted in the increased value of comparative law today.

Comparative law is different from general jurisprudence and international law. However, despite the differences, comparative law plays a pivotal role in informing all the other areas of normativity. It contributes to legal theory by establishing categories and concepts of general application. A number of disciplines have developed as separate units of comparative law. They include comparative administrative law, comparative constitutional law, and comparative civil law. The others are comparative commercial law and comparative criminal law. Comparative law helps to advance the legal systems in effect and aid individuals to have a deeper comprehension of the legal systems. It also contributes to the unification of different legal systems. One of the greatest scholars of comparative law is Sujit Choudhry.

About Sujit Choudhry

Sujit Choudhry is a globally respected authority in the field of comparative constitutional law. Sujit is the I. Michael Heyman Professor of Law. In order to succeed in the field, he has always combined a wide-ranging research agenda with his field experience as an adviser. He has gained immense knowledge in the constitution building processes in many countries, including Libya, Egypt, South Africa, Tunisia, Jordan, Ukraine, Sri Lanka, and Nepal. His research addresses a wide range of topics regarding comparative constitutional law. They include constitutional design as an important instrument of managing transition from conflict to democratic politics. His research also addresses constitutional design in societies that are ethnically divided, constitutional courts, and official language policy. Additionally, his hypothesis seeks to address the bills of right, proportionality and minority group rights.

Sujit has published over 90 articles, reports, working papers, and book chapters. He is the founding director of the Center for Constitutional Transitions, which mobilizes and generates knowledge in aid of constitution building. The institution assembles and leads worldwide networks of professionals to finish thematic research projects, which provide policy options to practitioners. Before joining Berkeley, Sujit worked for the NYU School of Law as the Cecelia Goetz Professor of Law.

Law in Brazil

Law in Brazil is a multifaceted and ever-developing business. Good combat in the industry requires a balance of litigation skill, professional and personal presence, and strong abilities in communication both oral and written.


When you need a lawyer to help work through the legal system, it is important to have the right professional to help you navigate through. There are numerous considerations to take into account when selecting legal counsel for representation of the matters which concern you most. Whether you need a legal team for help in civil, criminal, or other legal matters, take your time to select the best expert in your specific area of need.


Ricardo Tosto is known as Brazil’s voice of command for clients. He has created the largest legal firm in the country and has worked on cases which have gained global attention. This spotlight has affirmed Mr. Tosto’s acclaimed status and transformed some of the economic laws in the country. The benefits are stimulating and compounding.


Mr. Tosto’s team of associates have trained closely under his supervision. His direction has guided their legal strategies and lead the team into further legal victories. Brazil law is now a commanding force globally with respect and progressive, pioneering mechanisms.


Find the perfect legal team to help you win your next victory. Ask helpful questions, keep record of your findings, and interview several firms. Brazil law can be discerning, but with the right team, you can get the help that you need to find an appropriate solution.

More visit: http://whoswholegal.com/profiles/51546/0/tosto/ricardo-tosto/

Labaton Sucharow LLC’s Client Receives Award From The SEC Whistlebower Program

In 2010, the Congress enacted the Consumer Protection Act and Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform. The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform established protection to whistleblowers that came forward and reported possible violations of federal securities laws to the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).

Labaton Sucharow LLP announced that the SEC had awarded more than $17 million to a whistleblower that was represented by the firm. The whistleblower exposed significant wrong doings in the financial industry. The sum represented the second largest SEC Whistleblower Award granted to Labaton Sucharow. Jordan Thomas was the lead SEC whistleblower lawyer.

The SEC Whistleblower Program is entering its 6th year. The program allows the whistleblowers that are eligible to receive 10 to 30 percent of the total monetary compensation collected in a successful trial. In the latest award, the whistleblower provided high-quality information that resulted in a guilty verdict of a major player in the financial market. The whistleblower chose to conceal his/her identity. It is a common trend for many whistleblowers as they seek to remain anonymous for personal reasons such as avoiding retaliation and blacklisting. The SEC has a policy of not disclosing the particular cases that whistleblowers player a role in preventing revealing the identity of the whistleblower indirectly.

After the case, Jordan Thomas said that his clients decided to step forward because others in the financial industry had decided to remain silent as the vice prevailed. The silence of others workers allowed other investors to be harmed in the process. Jordan Thomas is also the Chairperson of Labaton Sucharow Whistleblower Representation Practice and a former Assistant Director and Assistant Chief Litigation Counsel in the Division of Enforcement at the SEC. He continued by saying that in the future, the success of many whistleblower cases would be as a result of whistleblowers’ courageousness and willingness to step forward.

Jordan Thomas has a successful record in such cases. He was the one who represented the first officer of a public company to receive the prestigious award. He was also involved in the first case in which the SEC successfully charged an employer for retaliating against a whistleblower. The SEC Whistleblower Program gives unique protections and incentive to the whistleblower. The eligible whistleblowers who report possible federal securities violations are given the opportunity to earn monetary rewards and employment protection. To promote the program and ensure its continuity, Congress established a replenishing Investor Protection Fund.

Labaton Sucharow Continues To Find Success With Its SEC Whistleblower Program

Labaton Sucharow’s SEC Whistleblower attorney program has achieved its latest success with the award of the second largest monetary reward in the history of the program. SEC whistleblower lawyer Jordan A. Thomas revealed the unidentified individual received a settlement of $17 million, which comes from the 10 to 30 percent of fines collected based on information provided by an SEC whistleblower; this is the latest success for the Labataon Sucharow team who have been assembled by Thomas to provide the best possible representation for those putting their own reputation on the line by providing information of financial irregularities.

Labaton Sucharow has been at the forefront of the SEC whistleblower program since it was established six years ago and continues to grow the team dedicated to helping whistleblowers secure the best package in return for their information. Among the cases Jordan A. Thomas has worked on in the past are the first example of an officer of any financial company providing information for the whistleblower program against their own business; the need to maintain anonymity for whistleblowers was backed up for Jordan A. Thomas when he worked on the case of a company retaliating against an employee providing information for the SEC.

The SEC whistleblower program at Labaton Sucharow is the first of its kind in the U.S. as members are dedicated to providing the best possible service for whistleblowers who need a range of services to secure their future. Jordan A. Thomas was a key author of the legal document that established the SEC whistleblower program, the Dodd-Frank Act, which was written in response to the 2008 economic slowdown many financial experts believe was created because of financial mismanagement on Wall Street. Jordan A. Thomas now works with a team at Labaton Sucharow who guide a whistleblower through every aspect of the process and make sure their anonymity is protected to avoid blacklisting by members of the financial industry.

The $17 million award comes after the SEC took the whistleblowers word and levied fines against the financial company named as operating outside of legally created regulations. Whistleblowers can be awarded between 10 and 30 percent of levied fines collected against a financial company, but the SEC does not reveal individual details of fines in a bid to maintain the anonymity of the individual whistleblowers involved.

How Labaton Sucharow Attorney Protects SEC Whistleblowers

It is interesting how all whistleblowers from all walks have been given a voice by the new regulations on the Security and Exchange Commission. Many whistleblowers currently find it easy and safe to report security violations since Security and Exchange Commission has provided them with both the platform and attorney representation. Since America faced with the great depression, there has been no other meaningful overhaul reform like the creation of the formation of the SEC Commission. AS significant inclusion in the reform is the Dodd-Frank Act. The Dodd-Frank Act gives the whistleblowers’ employment protection and financial incentives to encourage them to continue reporting security laws violation.

From the backdrop of the creation of the reforms, Labaton Sucharow Attorney was created to provide the advocacy and protection to whistleblowers. The Attorney represents the whistleblowers through its top class, skilled and qualified personnel including the detectives, forensic investigators, and financial analysts. The trained personnel applies the representation Act to represent the whistleblowers.

Additionally, the Attorney can give quality legal representation because of the right leadership of Jordan A. Thomas. Thomas has long years of experience in representing the reporters of the law violation to Security Exchange Commission. The experience enables Thomas to implement the whistleblowers’ protection Act to ensure that all perpetrators of the law are prosecuted. The Act gives the Attorney powers to fight for the whistleblowers’ compensation of 10%-30% from the penalties collected from the SEC Act application when the cases involve sanctions of more than $1 million. Also, the Attorney has the power to seek for additional payments on behalf of the whistleblowers when the set standards are met. The extra pay is estimated on the total sanctions from the reported cases by a regulatory firm or any other law enforcement company.

Also, the Labaton Sucharow Attorney uses the Dodd-Frank Act to prevent reconciliatory acts against employees who report law violating employers to Security and Exchange Commission. The bill ensures that reporters are protected through the creation of an anonymous reporting system that hides of the whistleblowers. Further, the Attorney allows for internal reporting through representation to further safeguard the identity of the reporters. The secrecy and confidentiality ensure that more and more people report violations to SEC.

The last step was taken by the Attorney to ensure confidentially, and privacy of the law cases is provision attorney-client privileges to whistleblowers and use a telephone, email to report cases. Read more.

Ross Abelow Helping The Animal Shelters Of New York

Winter can bring families closer by allowing us to snuggle under a blanket in front of the fire place while watching Netflix and sipping hot cocoa but for those less fortunate, this isn’t the case. On January 13th Ross Abelow, a city lawyer, created a fundraiser to help out the animal shelters all across New York. His expectation was that the money from the fundraiser would help the shelters be able to afford blankets, food, medical care and other necessities they needed because without them they could possibly become vulnerable and unable to take care of all the animals in their shelters.

Money from Abelow’s fundraiser is drastically needed by the shelters. Winter weather can be formidable and the low temperatures prove that these homeless animals need to be off the streets and in the warmth of a shelter but lack of space is preventing shelter workers from bringing in any more animals. The fundraiser is hoped to receive $5,000 so that these shelters can provide the assistance these animals need.

If the GoFundMe account that Abelow created is able to reach the goal of $5,000 then the animal shelters of the state of New York will be more than capable of ensuring that the animals currently in the shelter are taken care of as well as those animals that need to come in off the street. Unfortunately, without money from the fundraiser many animals residing in the shelters or on the streets will possibly die since the shelters are severely lacking resources and space to help all these animals.

Ross Abelow has been a lawyer in New York since 1990. He attended State University in Albany, graduating with his Bachelor’s degree and received his law degree from Brooklyn Law School. His main career focus is families. He specializes in matrimonial and family law but he also partakes in commercial litigation and entertainment law. Abelow’s hobbies and spare time are also law related. He frequently sends in legal articles to a blog called Crown Point New York. He also has a personal blog that is strictly legal matters related. He also has an active Facebook and Mashable account.